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There are plenty of ways to love yourself, but only one way to glove yourself.

Scandinavian safety for your company

Available from CKL, the Tegera® (safety gloves) & JALAS® (safety shoes) are manufactured to the highest quality standards mainly in Finland, although, over the years, as demand grew, some production has expanded into China.
For many years a market leader in the Nordic region, our products also available throughout Europe, Benelux, the Baltic States and Russia., with an annual turnover of more than EUR 100,000,000, and still expanding at a high rate of growth as awareness increases among buyers of the brand, its qualities and its values.
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“TEGERA – Top 50 Safety Gloves –  Catalogue”

Protect your hands

These are TOP 50 Gloves that protect your hands from:

-Blade Cuts
-Vibration Injuries
-Crushing Injuries
-Frostbite
-Burn Injury
-Hypersensitivity/Allergy

To this day, their in-house research, development & testing laboratories have led to a range of some of the finest safety & outdoor gloves in the world.
A catalogue with the top 50 from TEGERA safety gloves – the 100 year established market leader from Scandinavia. With click-links for quick and easy navigation, trade prices, full specs and handy comparison tools.

Our zero vision when it comes to hand and foot injuries benefits individuals, companies and society. By investing in proper hand and foot protection, you are actually helping your profitability.

GLOVES ARE FOR HAND SAFETY
Unprotected hands are exposed to many dangers such as cutting or mechanical damage, even heat and cold. Chemicals can cause corrosion damage, eczema, cancer and damage to the internal organs. So, it is crucial to use the correct type and quality of gloves for each task.

Gloves Available

work gloves – general handling
The hand is not just one of the most important tools in almost everything we do each day. It is also one of the most complex and refined feelers we have to the world around us. Unprotected hands are exposed to unnec- essary risks. Use protective gloves. Make it a habit. This will protect your hands and reduce your risk of injury. On the following pages you will find useful, practical gloves for precision work, allround work and heavier work.

special requirements gloves
In cooperation with our customers, we have developed special gloves of a very high quality made of unique materials that protect against long-term damages. Authentic work environment problems have been the starting point of our development of solutions that protect individuals, companies and society. Our impact-reducing and anti-vibration gloves as well as gloves with wrist support are examples of such solutions.

esd gloves
Human beings are excellent conductors of electricity. ESD gloves are used to divert the static electricity that we generate.Static discharge can entail a serious risk of accident, for example when handling easily combustible liquids and explosive gases. Sensitive industrial electronic equipment can be damaged or destroyed if it is in- stalled without ESD protection. Our comfortable and supple ESD gloves are available in both rubber and textile material, with integrated or woven-in carbon fibre threads.

cut-resistant gloves & sleeves
We mainly use three materials for our effective cut-resistant models: KEVLAR® fiber and CRF®. We combine these incredibly tough fibres with synthetic materials such as nylon and Lycra® so that the gloves not only give protection against cuts but also provide flexibility, a good grip and fi gloves are graded on a scale of 3-5, where 5 denotes the highest level of protection.

cold insulation gloves
Our winter gloves are warm, comfortable and flexible. Both materials and manufacturing methods in this area are constantly being improved, as a result of which these gloves keep hands warm without forfeiting sensitivity. Winter gloves are available in different varieties: waterproof ones for people who work outdoors in very wet conditions and extra warm models for those who are out in all weathers – even when temperatures fall dramatically.

heat protection gloves
We have a wide range of heat-resistant gloves that all are made from a material that cannot burn and that provide excellent durability and perfect fit. They are tanned so as to cope with high temperatures without shrinking or hardening. Available in lined and unlined models to suit different needs.

disposable and/or chemical resistant gloves
Our chemical protection gloves are available in most protective materials found on the market. Always use our chemical protection guide or consult with our sellers when choosing gloves. Chemical protection gloves are intended for single-day use, and sometimes for even shorter periods.

Product Care

Your gloves must be stored in such a way that their protective qualities do not deteriorate. Some glove materials, for example natural rubber, have a limited storage life.

Care for your gloves

• The instructions for use for your gloves describe clearly how they should be cleaned, dried and stored. The gloves should also be cleaned on the inside.
• If protective gloves are to be reused, they must be inspected. Are they whole and clean? Have they lost any of their protective qualities?
• If the gloves have been used as protection against hazardous chemicals, they should be discarded at the end of the working day – or earlier where necessary.

GLOVES AS WASTE

• There should be procedures at your workplace for how gloves are to be used, but also how they should be treated as waste.
• The gloves themselves are combustible but their use can affect how they are handled as waste.
• For gloves that have been used as protection against hazardous chemicals, specific environmental regulations apply.

How to choose your protective gloves

1. Risk Assessment
Start by examining what risks may be present or may develop in the work environment. This makes it easier to choose the right gloves and to prevent employees from being harmed, falling ill or suffering some other detriment.

• Sharp objects are the most common cause of hand injuries.
Work involving hot objects, hot liquids or welding – or work in an environment with radiant heat or molten metal droplets – can cause severe burns.
Work in extreme cold or work involving liquid gas can cause frostbite.
Chemicals can cause damage to the inner organs via skin absorption, or to the skin itself through corrosion, hypersensitivity (sensitisation) and can also cause cancer, reduce fertility and damage the gene pool.
Biological risks can be harmful to health.
Moving machine parts can cause severe crushing.
Vibrating machinery and tools can cause vibration injuries.

2. Assessment of Protection Needs
Based on the risk assessments and the job to be done, a suitable protective glove is chosen.The following steps are used:

• Quantify the risks.
Decide how much arm/hand needs to be protected + size.
Decide the performance level, based on the relevant EN standard.

3. Choice of Protective Gloves
Whether the protection requirements are met depends entirely on the glove’s material properties. This is why the result of the materials testing in accordance with the relevant standard is of prime importance when choosing protective gloves. Other important factors are:

• A good fit – right size and design.
Tactile properties – ability to feel objects.
Freedom of movement – suppleness of the material.
Comfort – whether the glove is comfortable and warm/cool enough.

When choosing your glove, you should decide how resistant it needs to be to one or more of the following factors:

• Abrasion, blade cuts, puncture, heavy wear.
• Cold.
• Heat.
Relevant chemicals, electrostatic charges or microorganisms.

Every injury is one too many

“More than half of all occupational injuries are
directly related to injuries to hands and feet.”

This statistic is already a very high proportion, however, in addition, the hidden statistics are most likely considerably higher.

a zero vision
An injured employee may have to be signed off sick, and thus lose income. The company suffers a loss of productivity, and incurs costs for the worker who is off sick. Occupational injuries also represent an expense for society as a whole.

Our zero vision when it comes to hand and foot injuries benefits individuals, companies and society. By investing in proper hand and foot protection, you are actually helping your profitability.

a long-term perspective
You might save money in the short term by cutting corners with hand and foot protection, but you’ll still have to pay the price in the long term. The most effective way of reducing occupational injuries is to invest in good quality protection. This may involve a slightly higher investment initially. But it certainly pays in the long run – for everyone involved.

Protect your hands

Our product range gives you the choice of many different types of gloves, which are suitable for a wide variety of work tasks. Using proper gloves is crucial, and we will provide you with the right glove for the right job.

Our work gloves are the result of extensive research and advanced construction technology. They combine the ability to protect with an attention to ergonomics that allows the hands to carry out their tasks. The material and manufacturing method are crucial to a glove’s protective properties.

Unprotected hands are exposed to many dangers that can cause cutting and mechanical damage. Injuries to the hands can also be caused by heat and cold. Chemicals can cause corrosion damage, eczema, cancer and damage to the internal organs if the correct protective gloves are not used.

Avoid Hand Injury

If you injure your hands, your quality of life deteriorates and it may take a long time for you to recover. But with the right hand protection you can minimise the risk of injury. Under the PPE Directive (Personal Protective Equipment), employers are required to familiarise themselves with the work environment legislation that applies to their activities.

They are required for instance to carry out risk assessments so as to ensure that employees are given suitable protective equipment and that things like chemical management are safe.
Always use gloves that specifically fit your hands and the environment in which you work.

BLADE CUTS
When handling machine parts or tools with sharp edges, you can easily suffer a cut. Unprotected cutting edges on machine tools and hand tools are also a major risk.

VIBRATION INJURIES
People working with hand­held vibrating machines and tools can suffer vibration damage. These injuries develop gradually and may be incurable. People working with strongly vibrating equipment may also experience problems with neck and upper shoulder pains that spread down into the arms and hands. Pain in the shoulder blades and elbows are also commonplace.

CRUSHING INJURIES
involve the mechanical overburdening of the fingers’ bones and tissue. Even when the hand is only slightly crushed, blood vessels can burst. Muscles, tendons, blood vessels and nerves may also be crushed. A crushing injury Often occurs when a glove gets caught in moving parts of a machine. If you work on moving machine parts, choosing a glove that is the right size and made from a less durable material is vital–the glove easily tears apart if you get caught. The test results in EN 388 can serve as a useful guide in finding the right kind of glove.

FROSTBITE
When the air temperature is below +10°C, you can suffer frostbite. The risk increases in the presence of wind and damp. Direct contact with cold surfaces chills the hand severely. People who work outdoors in the cold are particularly vulnerable, but those working in cold indoors, e.g., in the food industry, are also at risk.

BURN INJURY
A major burn injury is one of the biggest traumas a person can be exposed to. Many burns heal spontaneously but major injuries result in lifelong scarring. Always wear gloves during hot work, whether you work in a canteen kitchen or in industry.

HYPERSENSITIVITY/ALLERGY
Hypersensitivity is when someone repeatedly displays symptoms in reaction to things around them that most other people do not react to. Allergies are an acquired hypersensitivity to a particular substance. Some occupational groups are more exposed than others to substances that cause hypersensitivity and allergies. With the right protective gloves, problems can be avoided or eased.

SYNTHETIC LEATHER – FEATURES AND BENEFITS
Our synthetic leather is made from high-tech materials that allow for sophisticated ergonomic designs.

Synthetic leather has excellent touch perception. Fit and form remains intact even in contact with water. It is ideal for people with allergic reactions to chromium (not chrome-tanned).

Microthan® delivers excellent touch perception and flexibility.
Microthan®+ is thicker with a grooved surface, making it more durable with improved grip properties. Ideal for rougher environments.
Macrothan® breathes, is soft and comes in various thicknesses for a wide range of work applications.
Macrothan®+ contains silicone for high durability. Meets high requirements on strength, fit and dexterity.
Polythan® is a highly durable microfibre but still very soft, making it extremely comfortable even over time.
PU leather is cost-effective and suitable for general applications.

LEATHER – FEATURES AND BENEFITS
Leather is strong, supple and adapts to changes in weather. All of our leather comes from carefully selected and tanned hides to ensure a high level of durability and flexibility. Chrome-free leather gloves are also available. Before processing, the hide is split into an outer (full-grain) and inner (split) layer.

• Full-grain leather is soft and flexible with a high level of dexterity and comfort.
• Split leather has a coarser surface for better grip, heat-insulating properties and flexibility regardless of its thickness.
• Cowhide or oxhide is extremely durable.
• Goatskin is thin and supple. It provides a high level of touch perception – the glove conforms to the movements of the hand.
• Pigskin is soft and breathes well.

TEXTILE GLOVES – FEATURES AND BENEFITS
We control the mixture of materials to suit different work applications and maximise features such as dexterity, grip, durability and comfort.

LINER MATERIALS

Please remember that synthetic liner materials are not to be used in contact with flames or high temperatures. Natural cotton, on the other hand, is flammable but the way it burns prevents it from adhering to the skin. Knitting gauge (gg) refers to the number of stitches per inch in a garment. A lower number translates into a thicker glove suitable for rougher uses. A higher number means a thinner glove for precision work.

• Polyester is strong and flexible with low moisture absorption.
• Acrylic is soft with good thermal insulation properties and a resemblance to wool.
• Nylon is very strong and flexible with low moisture absorption.
• Viscose is a refined cellulose fibre that is soft and comfortable with high moisture absorption (similar to cotton).
• Cotton is very comfortable, has high moisture absorption and is ideal for lighter jobs.

KNITTED AND DIPPED GLOVES – FEATURES AND BENEFITS
We work with specially developed hand moulds to ensure consistency in fit, quality and ergonomic features. We also control the mixture of materials to suit different work applications and maximise features such as dexterity, grip, durability and comfort.

LINER MATERIALS

• Polyester is strong and flexible with low moisture absorption.
• Acrylic is soft with good thermal insulation properties and a resemblance to wool.
• Nylon is very strong and flexible with low moisture absorption.
• Cotton is very comfortable, has high moisture absorption and is ideal for lighter jobs.

DIPPING MATERIALS

• Excellent grip in both wet and dry environments. It protects against vegetable and animal fats but is less effective against moisture penetration.
• Nitrile (NBR) is highly resistant to cuts, provides acceptable grip and is effective against moisture penetration.
• Nitrile foam is flexible and provides good grip. It is also effective against moisture penetration.
• Latex/natural rubber (NR) is highly elastic and provides good grip but is sensitive to UV light.
• Polyvinyl chloride (PVC/VINYL) is suitable for heavy and wet work.

CUT RESISTANT GLOVES & SLEEVES – FEATURES AND BENEFITS
We work with specially developed hand moulds to ensure consistency in fit, quality and ergonomic features. We also control the mixture of materials to suit different work applications and maximise features such as dexterity, grip, durability and comfort.

LINER MATERIALS

• DYNEEMA® Enables the production of thin, flexible and tough gloves with extremely good cut protection.
• DYNEEMA® DIAMOND TECHNOLOGY – the new generation of cut resistant fibres, perfect in tough environments where the release of any glove fibres at all is strictly prohibited, such as the vehicle industry.
• KEVLAR® fiber (combines heat resistance and cut protection) is a cut-resistant fibre that we use in several different gloves. The material is heat-resistant, and can be exposed to high temperatures for long periods without suffering damage.
• CRF® Our CRF (Cut Resistant Fiber) technology is designed to provide exceptional dexterity, which is unusual in high-performance cut protection gloves.

DIPPING MATERIALS

• Polyurethane (PU) provides excellent grip in both wet and dry environments. It is less effective against moisture penetration.
• Nitrile (NBR) is highly resistant to cuts, provides acceptable grip and is effective against moisture penetration.
• Nitrile foam is flexible and provides good grip. It is also effective against moisture penetration.
• Latex/natural rubber (NR) is highly elastic and provides good grip but is sensitive to UV light.
• Polyvinyl chloride (PVC/VINYL) is suitable for heavy and wet work.

DISPOSABLE AND/OR CHEMICAL RESISTANT GLOVES – FEATURES AND BENEFITS

• Nitrile (NBR) is flexible, elastic, resistant to puncture, durable and approved for use with food. Accelerator-free alternatives are available.
• Neoprene is soft, resistant to puncture and durable.
• Latex/natural rubber (NR) is soft, resistant to wear and tear and provides good dry grip.
• Polyvinyl chloride (PVC/VINYL) is soft and can be used in both thin and thick gloves.
• Polythene (PE) is ideal for thin, disposable gloves and is approved for use with food. PE has very limited protective properties.
• Butyl rubber (IIR) is soft and effective where other rubber materials are ineffective.
• Laminates are used in chemical barrier gloves and are effective against a wide range of chemicals but with a very limited comfort.
• Viton is used in chemical barrier gloves and is effective against aromatic compounds and solvents.
• Polyvinyl alcohol (PVAL) is used in chemical barrier gloves and protect against most organic compounds.

Chemical Suitable Unsuitable
Aliphatic Solvents Nitrile Neoprene
Strong acid & alkali Neoprene Latex
Ketone Butyl rubber Nitrile
Aromatic organic solvents Viton, Laminate Nitrile, Neoprene, Butyl rubber, Latex, PVC
Alcohol Neoprene, Latex Nitrile, PVC

Understanding Materials

Both the material and the manufacturing method are of crucial importance in determining a glove’s level of protection. Every detail in a TEGERA® glove is carefully considered in terms of comfort, safety and ergonomics. There are plenty of cheap copies on the market that both feel and look credible. Our gloves are thoroughly tested. This is why they deliver what they promise.

synthetic leather – a supermaterial
Synthetic leather is a high-tech material. We have come a long way in our development work and can now produce specially tailored gloves for many different tasks, often in collabora- tion with our customers. But our journey is not finished yet. New challenges await. Test us!

Many TEGERA® PRO gloves are made from Microthan® and Macrothan® – two high-tech synthetic materials that are superior to natural leather in many respects. They are thin and strong, which means the gloves are hardwearing, supple and display fingertip sensitivity. The suppleness of the material also allows for a sophisticated ergonomic design, enhancing both safety and comfort. Microthan® and Macrothan® are only found in TEGERA® gloves. They are also chrome-free.

MICROTHAN® is flexible and durable. Its foremost feature is the superb grip it provides. Microthan® is a synthetic material comprising a polyurethane coating with a knitted nylon backing.

MICROTHAN®+ has the same excellent properties as Microthan® but is thicker and has a grooved surface. As a result, the material is highly durable and provides better grip.

MACROTHAN® is ideal for both work gloves and assembly gloves. The material consists of soft polyurethane and microfibre. Macrothan® comes in various thicknesses. The material breathes, which makes the gloves pleasant to work with, even during long shifts.

MACROTHAN®+ is a highly flexible and breathable material. It contains silicone, making it very durable. Suitable for work that puts very high requirements on strength, fit and handling.

VIBROTHAN® is a specially designed foam-based material that reduces vibrations.

IMPACTOTHAN® is a specially designed dampening material that distributes force of impact across the whole hand.

POLYTHAN® consists of a polyester core with twisted polyester fibres and PU for extra strength and spandex for elasticity. The material is extremely durable and has excellent breathability. Thanks to its softness, Polythan® offers a very high level of comfort. Chrome-free.

AQUATHAN® is a membrane that allows excess heat and moisture to escape from your body whilst preventing liquids from getting in. The membrane is wind and water proof.

GRIPFORCE® is a collective term for TEGERA® technologies and unique solutions that guarantee an extremely good grip. The grip is central to the function and use of the glove. A glove marked GripForce® ensures extraordinary grip

leather
Leather is strong, easily shaped and supple. It also adapts to changes in temperature. All TEGERA® leather gloves are manufactured from carefully selected and carefully tanned hides to ensure the highest possible durability and flexibility. We also supply chrome-free leather gloves.

Hide has different qualities depending on the part of the animal from which it comes. The back and shoulders of an animal produce very strong leather, while the flanks produce softer leather. Before processing, the hide is split into two layers. The outer layer is referred to as full-grain or nappa, while the inner layer is called split-grain.

FULL-GRAIN OR NAPPA is durable, soft, flexible and moisture-resistant. This means that it is ideally suited for making assembly gloves where high levels of fingertip sensitivity and comfort are required.

SPLIT-GRAIN LEATHER has a coarser surface than full-grain leather. It is also heat-resistant and available in many thicknesses. Split-grain leather is ideal for work gloves meant for tougher jobs and where a good grip is required. Often used in welding gloves due to its insulating proper- ties, it is flexible despite its thickness.

COWHIDE is very durable and resistant to rough use. A glove of thick, split-grain cowhide is an excellent alternative, even for handling hot objects.

GOATSKIN is thin, supple and durable. A goatskin glove therefore is ideal for both demanding jobs and work requiring fingertip sensitivity – the glove conforms to the movements of the hand.

PIGSKIN is excellent for general use. The material breathes and the gloves become softer and more comfortable with use.

OXHIDE from specially selected hides is generally of higher quality than cowhide. Oxhide gloves are therefore a good choice for both lighter and tougher jobs.

textile materials
Textiles are not only found in textile gloves but are also common on the upper surface of leather gloves. While a textile glove is rarely exposed to the same wear and tear as a leather work glove, the choice of material is often crucial to both safety and comfort. Textiles can consist of both natural and synthetic materials.

KNITTING GAUGE (GG) refers to the number of stitches per inch in a garment. A lower number translates into a thicker glove suitable for rougher uses. A higher number means a thinner glove for precision work.

PLEASE REMEMBER that synthetic liner materials are not to be used in contact with flames or high temperatures. Natural cotton, on the other hand, is flammable but the way it burns prevents it from adhering to the skin.

THE MAIN FEATURES OF SYNTHETIC FIBRES
Available in different varieties. Good strength. High stretchability and elasticity. Good dyeing properties.

• High crease resistance.
• Low moisture absorption.
• Prone to electrostatic charge.
• Pilling formation tendencies increase when mixed with other fibre materials.
• Burns quite poorly but can melt and cause severe burns.

MAIN FEATURES OF COTTON

• High comfort.
• Good strength.
• Low stretchability.
• Good moisture absorption.
• Inclined to shrink.
• Burns like paper and cellulose, does not melt.

POLYESTER is a strong, stretchable, shrinkproof synthetic fibre that doesn’t absorb moisture. It is widely used and has many varieties. Good strength, good abrasion resistance and high resist- ance to light.

ACRYLIC is a synthetic fibre which can retain air, meaning that it has good thermal insulation properties. It is often used as an alternative to wool in linings. Very high resistance to light, heat sensitive. Soft feel, resembles wool, moderate resistance to wear.

NYLON is a synthetic fibre that is very strong, flexible and elastic. Poor moisture absorption.

PARA-ARMID, also known as aromatic polyamide, is about four times as strong as ordinary polyamide. The material is extremely heat-resistant and difficult to ignite. A well-known brand is DuPontTM KEVLAR®.

VISCOSE is a synthetic fibre made from cellulose. It has the same kinds of properties as cotton: it absorbs moisture well, is soft and comfortable. There are different types of viscose depending on manufacturing method and raw material: Viscose, Modal and Lyocell.

BAMBOO VISCOSE is made from bamboo. It absorbs moisture well and trans- ports it away from the feet. It is extremely comfortable and soft against the skin.

MODAL  is a type of viscose fibre with even better properties that regular viscose: it is stronger and has better wet strength yet remains as soft and smooth. We use Lenzing Modal® which is a modal fibre made from beech wood. It absorbs moisture well and transports moisture away efficiently.

UHMWPE/HPPE – Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene/High Performance Polyethylene – an extremely strong and light polyethylene fibre used for instance in gloves that protect against cutting injuries. A well-known brand is Dyneema® and Dyneema® Diamond Technology.

COTTON is often used for textile gloves and for the back of leather gloves. It can be woven or knitted (tricot). Cotton is often sufficient for gloves designed for light jobs.

dipping materials
Dipping method varies to fit different work applications, fingertip dip, palm dip, 3⁄4 dip, full dip, double dip.

POLYURETHANE, PU is an extremely durable synthetic material. PU protects against both veg- etable and animal fats and oils.

NITRILE, NBR is a rubber material that is highly resistant to cuts.

LATEX/NATURAL RUBBER, NR has a high level of elasticity that it retains even at low temperatures. Good grip.

POLYVINYL CHLORIDE, PVC, (VINYL) Dipping in PVC often results in slightly thicker and denser materials. Suitable for wet and heavy work.

ESD
ESD stands for electrostatic discharge. All those engaged in the production or maintenance of sensitive electronic equipment need to protect it from the effects of discharging static electricity. This applies throughout both the manufacturing and maintenance processes. Both gloves and shoes make up an important part of this protection, and it is decisive that the whole system works together and is used properly. Products that are marked ESD meet current criteria and standards for ESD protection.

What does ESD involve?
ESD is caused by an abrupt flow of electricity between differently charged objects and/ or people either in direct physical contact or in close proximity to one another. As a rule, the discharge lasts for only a fraction of a second, often in the form of a spark. Electrostatic discharge frequently causes ‘hidden damage’ that becomes evident in the form of reduced functionality or problems of a similar kind after some period of use. In the production of electronic equipment (circuit boards, etc.), even a very small discharge can cause invisible damage. Users of ESD gloves and footwear are advised to check their resistance properties regularly. Defective or dirty products may interfere with the function of ESD protection.

Test Method
The international standard IEC 61340-5-1 is used to ensure that an ESD glove is capable of handling the resistance requirements of the system, which means that the resistance from operator to ground is less than 109 . The test is performed at 12% humidity. Shoes are tested in accordance with the standard IEC 61340-4-3 which ensures that the shoes have a resistance to ground of less than 108 .

Limitations
The ESD approval must not be confused with electrical safety properties. If work is to be performed close to live voltages, requirements according to national regulations shall be obeyed.

What affects ESD?
If ESD gloves and footwear are to work satisfactorily, both personal equipment and the workplace must be conductive. Factors that affect electrostatic discharge include which clothing material is used, the type of contact, use of antistatic wrist straps, rapidity of movement, how clean the work environment is and how humid the air is. For all work situations, a thorough risk assessment should be conducted in order to ensure the safety of the individual, the substance or material being processed or refined, as well as for the equipment being used.

For further information on risk assessments, please contact national health and safety agencies, trade associations or similar authorities.

EN Standards

If a protective glove is deemed to meet the safety requirements and is given a CE mark in an EU country, it can be exported and sold throughout the EU zone. To meet the requirements, the manufacturer has to comply with a number of EN standards. An EN standard includes demands, testing methods and requirements as to how the product is to be labelled in addition to the CE mark, and also sets out what the manufacturer’s instructions for use must contain.

EXPLANATION OF THE RISK CATEGORIES
EU Directive 89/686/EEC divides personal protective equipment into three categories, depending on the level of risk involved. The greater the risk to which the user is exposed, the tougher the test requirements are concerning the gloves’ protective ability and certification. Since the EU Directive regulations are framed in general terms, European standards have been developed that specify requirements, test methods and marking instructions. One such standard is EN 420, which lists general requirements for protective gloves.

CATEGORY I / SIMPLE DESIGN
This category covers gloves used for work with minimum risks that can be identified in good time. This includes for instance gloves with less stringent requirements as to mechanical durability and gloves that are required to protect against hot objects. Gloves of a more basic type such as gardening gloves and assembly gloves belong in this category. The manufacturer must be able to show that the product meets the basic requirements for protective gloves (in accordance with EN 420), and is responsible for guaranteeing the CE marking. This applies to all protective gloves.

CATEGORY II / INTERMEDIATE DESIGN
Many protective gloves belong in this category, such as gloves where the requirements include mechanical durability to protect against, for example blade cuts. If gloves are to be given a CE mark, the manufacturer must be able to show that the product meets both the basic requirements and further standards that may apply to specific areas of use, such as welding gloves. The gloves must be tested by an approved laboratory and be type-approved by a notified body that issues certificates. Gloves in Category II must be marked with a pictogram, i.e., a symbol showing what the glove has been tested against and at what performance level. If the glove is intended to protect against mechanical risks (in accordance with EN 388), a four-figure code is shown beside or beneath the pictogram. These figures denote performance levels from tests against abrasion, blade cuts, tearing and puncture.

CATEGORY III / COMPLEX DESIGN
These gloves can offer protection against things like highly hazardous substances. They are required to protect against permanent damage in situations where the user may have difficulty detecting the risks in time. This includes for instance gloves that protect against heat (above +100°) and extreme cold (below -50°) and gloves used for handling most chemicals. The gloves must be tested by an approved laboratory and be type-approved by a notified body. A further requirement is a yearly inspection of the production process and the gloves will be properly checked to ensure the right quality. Not until this is done may the gloves be given a CE mark. The notified body’s identity code (four figures) is to be placed directly after the CE mark, i.e. CE 0123.

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